An elephant’s trunk consists of 6 muscle groups which are subdivided into 100,000 individual muscles, and the elephant shows considerable dexterity in using this extensive power network. In India, police force officers assist elephants to move illegally parked cars. The elephant wraps its trunk across the offending auto and moves it out from the way. On one other end of the spectrum, elephants have enough control over their power in order grasp and lift a natural egg with the trunk without breaking the shell. An elephants uses the fingerlike projections by the end of its trunk to scratch itchy skin behind its ears or even to wipe dust far from its eyes. A mother elephant guides her youngster using her trunk the way a shepherd runs on the staff to corral sheep, nudging the child gently underneath her body if she spots a predator, or pushing him combined with the remaining herd toward food or water. She also steers her child by grabbing its tail with her trunk and shifting to the best or left.
An elephant’s trunk also serves as a straw or perhaps a hose. An elephant fills its trunk with as much as 5 quarts of water and then empties it into its mouth in order to drink. Elephants also cool off with mud baths, scooping wet soil from the river bottom and flinging it onto their hot skin. When an elephant goes swimming, it uses its trunk as a snorkel.
When elephants have to keep in touch with others in the herd, both the trunk and the ears are accustomed to telegraph emotions. Raising the trunk indicates excitement or danger, making trumpeting sounds with the trunk is just a sign of joy (especially when accompanied by flapping ears), and sniffing an item followed by placing the tip of the trunk inside the mouth shows curiosity. Like cats, elephants exhibit the Flehmen response when they detect strange scents utilising the Jacobsons organ that is found in the roof of its mouth. Scents tell the elephant whose been prowling in its territory. When other elephants visit a herd member having an apparent sneer on its face, they realize that something interesting has been discovered in the area.
Elephants use their ears as air conditioners. Elephants’ears include a network of blood vessels that expand during summer and allow body heat to escape. Cooled blood returns to the human body, effectively bringing the elephant’s core temperature down. Elephants thrust out their ears when they should calm down, and often face toward the prevailing winds to be able to gain the most cooling effect of the passing breezes.
The multitasking elephant listens using its feet in addition to its ears. When an elephant speaks, it generates a low-pitched rumbling sound that’s nearly inaudible but that sends vibrations through the earth. Other elephants obtain the message through their toes. These seismic messages can travel several miles, offering elephant herds the same of telegraph.
And what allows the elephant to go silently over the Savannah? Elephants have a spongy layer of skin on the feet that is similar to the only of a good set of sneakers. Like sneakers, this layer also acts as a questionnaire of shock absorber, allowing a dog weighing several tons to walk or run without jarring its joints.